User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Noun

representatives
  1. Plural of representative

Extensive Definition

'' A Legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to create, amend and ratify laws. The law created by a legislature is called legislation or statutory law.
Legislatures are known by many names, the most common being parliament and congress, although these terms also have more specific meanings. The main job of the legislature is to make and amend laws. In parliamentary systems of government, the legislature is formally supreme and appoints the executive. In presidential systems of government, the legislature is considered a power branch which is equal to, and independent of, the executive. In addition to enacting laws, legislatures usually have exclusive authority to raise taxes and adopt the budget and other money bills.
The primary components of a legislature are one or more chambers or houses'': assemblies that debate and vote upon bills. A legislature with only one house is called unicameral. A bicameral legislature possesses two separate chambers, usually described as an upper house and a lower house, which often differ in duties, powers, and the methods used for the selection of members. Much rarer have been tricameral legislatures; the most recent existed in the waning years of white-minority rule in South Africa.
In most parliamentary systems, the lower house is the more powerful house while the upper house is merely a chamber of advice or review.
However, in presidential systems, the powers of the two houses are often similar or equal. In federations it is typical for the upper house to represent the component states; the same applies to the supranational legislature of the European Union. For this purpose the upper house may either contain the delegates of state governments, as is the case in the European Union and in Germany and was the case in the United States before 1913, or be elected according to a formula that grants equal representation to states with smaller populations, as is the case in Australia and the modern United States.

Lists of titles of legislatures

National

Sub-National

representatives in Arabic: هيئة تشريعية
representatives in Min Nan: Li̍p-hoat
representatives in Belarusian: Заканадаўчая ўлада
representatives in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Заканадаўчая ўлада
representatives in Catalan: Poder legislatiu
representatives in Danish: Lovgivende magt
representatives in German: Legislative
representatives in Estonian: Seadusandlik võim
representatives in Spanish: Poder legislativo
representatives in Esperanto: Leĝdona povo
representatives in French: Pouvoir législatif
representatives in Indonesian: Legislatif
representatives in Icelandic: Löggjafarvald
representatives in Italian: Potere legislativo
representatives in Hebrew: פרלמנט
representatives in Luxembourgish: Legislativ
representatives in Lithuanian: Įstatymų leidžiamoji valdžia
representatives in Macedonian: Законодавна власт
representatives in Malay (macrolanguage): Legislatif
representatives in Dutch: Wetgevende macht
representatives in Japanese: 立法府
representatives in Norwegian: Politisk forsamling
representatives in Norwegian Nynorsk: Lovgjevande forsamling
representatives in Polish: Władza ustawodawcza
representatives in Portuguese: Poder legislativo
representatives in Russian: Законодательная власть
representatives in Bulgarian: Законодателна власт
representatives in Simple English: Legislature
representatives in Slovenian: zakonodajna oblast
representatives in Serbian: Законодавна власт
representatives in Swedish: Lagstiftande makt
representatives in Thai: อำนาจนิติบัญญัติ
representatives in Tagalog: Tagapagbatas
representatives in Turkish: Yasama organı
representatives in Vietnamese: Lập pháp
representatives in Chinese: 立法部門
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